There are a few things that we can learn from the past, which can be applied to the present/future. The most important finding is that ecosystems are fragile things that are sensitive to both climatic and anthropogenic changes. It is important to recognise the pressures humans can cause to the environment, and seek to reduce these for the sake of future generations. Finally, It is important not to make the same mistakes as we did in the past, understanding the need to protect endangered species from possible causes of extinction.
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